Identification of prognostic factors for chronicity in patients with low back pain: a review of screening instruments

Melloh, M; Elfering, A; Egli Presland, C; Roeder, C; Barz, T; Rolli Salathé, C; Tamcan, O; Mueller, U; Theis, J C (2009). Identification of prognostic factors for chronicity in patients with low back pain: a review of screening instruments. International orthopaedics, 33(2), pp. 301-13. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00264-008-0707-8

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Low back pain (LBP) is currently the most prevalent and costly musculoskeletal problem in modern societies. Screening instruments for the identification of prognostic factors in LBP may help to identify patients with an unfavourable outcome. In this systematic review screening instruments published between 1970 and 2007 were identified by a literature search. Nine different instruments were analysed and their different items grouped into ten structures. Finally, the predictive effectiveness of these structures was examined for the dependent variables including "work status", "functional limitation", and "pain". The strongest predictors for "work status" were psychosocial and occupational structures, whereas for "functional limitation" and "pain" psychological structures were dominating. Psychological and occupational factors show a high reliability for the prognosis of patients with LBP. Screening instruments for the identification of prognostic factors in patients with LBP should include these factors as a minimum core set.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Evaluative Research into Orthopaedic Surgery
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Melloh, Markus; Elfering, Achim Heiko; Röder, Christoph; Rolli Salathé, Cornelia and Müller, Urs

ISSN:

0341-2695

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:10

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 15:11

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00264-008-0707-8

PubMed ID:

19130056

Web of Science ID:

000264873300002

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.30860

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30860 (FactScience: 195200)

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