Is perioperative point-of-care prothrombin time testing accurate compared to the standard laboratory test?

Urwyler, Natalie; Staub, Lukas P; Beran, Dominik; Deplazes, Marcus; Lord, Sarah J; Alberio, Lorenzo; Theiler, Lorenz; Greif, Robert (2009). Is perioperative point-of-care prothrombin time testing accurate compared to the standard laboratory test? Thrombosis and haemostasis, 102(4), pp. 779-86. Stuttgart: Schattauer 10.1160/TH09-03-0157

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There is no accepted way of measuring prothrombin time without time loss for patients undergoing major surgery who are at risk of intraoperative dilution and consumption coagulopathy due to bleeding and volume replacement with crystalloids or colloids. Decisions to transfuse fresh frozen plasma and procoagulatory drugs have to rely on clinical judgment in these situations. Point-of-care devices are considerably faster than the standard laboratory methods. In this study we assessed the accuracy of a Point-of-care (PoC) device measuring prothrombin time compared to the standard laboratory method. Patients undergoing major surgery and intensive care unit patients were included. PoC prothrombin time was measured by CoaguChek XS Plus (Roche Diagnostics, Switzerland). PoC and reference tests were performed independently and interpreted under blinded conditions. Using a cut-off prothrombin time of 50%, we calculated diagnostic accuracy measures, plotted a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and tested for equivalence between the two methods. PoC sensitivity and specificity were 95% (95% CI 77%, 100%) and 95% (95% CI 91%, 98%) respectively. The negative likelihood ratio was 0.05 (95% CI 0.01, 0.32). The positive likelihood ratio was 19.57 (95% CI 10.62, 36.06). The area under the ROC curve was 0.988. Equivalence between the two methods was confirmed. CoaguChek XS Plus is a rapid and highly accurate test compared with the reference test. These findings suggest that PoC testing will be useful for monitoring intraoperative prothrombin time when coagulopathy is suspected. It could lead to a more rational use of expensive and limited blood bank resources.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Urwyler, Natalie Sandra; Deplazes, Marcus; Alberio, Lorenzo; Theiler, Lorenz and Greif, Robert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0340-6245

Publisher:

Schattauer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:10

Last Modified:

04 Dec 2018 16:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1160/TH09-03-0157

PubMed ID:

19806266

Web of Science ID:

000271039400024

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30907 (FactScience: 195267)

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