Low Mannan-binding lectin serum levels are associated with complicated Crohn's disease and reactivity to oligomannan (ASCA)

Schoepfer, Alain M; Flogerzi, Beatrice; Seibold-Schmid, Beatrice; Schaffer, Thomas; Kun, Jürgen F J; Pittet, Valerie; Mueller, Stefan; Seibold, Frank (2009). Low Mannan-binding lectin serum levels are associated with complicated Crohn's disease and reactivity to oligomannan (ASCA). American journal of gastroenterology, 104(10), pp. 2508-16. New York, N.Y.: Nature 10.1038/ajg.2009.315

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OBJECTIVES: Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) acts as a pattern-recognition molecule directed against oligomannan, which is part of the cell wall of yeasts and various bacteria. We have previously shown an association between MBL deficiency and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae mannan antibody (ASCA) positivity. This study aims at evaluating whether MBL deficiency is associated with distinct Crohn's disease (CD) phenotypes. METHODS: Serum concentrations of MBL and ASCA were measured using ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) in 427 patients with CD, 70 with ulcerative colitis, and 76 healthy controls. CD phenotypes were grouped according to the Montreal Classification as follows: non-stricturing, non-penetrating (B1, n=182), stricturing (B2, n=113), penetrating (B3, n=67), and perianal disease (p, n=65). MBL was classified as deficient (<100 ng/ml), low (100-500 ng/ml), and normal (500 ng/ml). RESULTS: Mean MBL was lower in B2 and B3 CD patients (1,503+/-1,358 ng/ml) compared with that in B1 phenotypes (1,909+/-1,392 ng/ml, P=0.013). B2 and B3 patients more frequently had low or deficient MBL and ASCA positivity compared with B1 patients (P=0.004 and P<0.001). Mean MBL was lower in ASCA-positive CD patients (1,562+/-1,319 ng/ml) compared with that in ASCA-negative CD patients (1,871+/-1,320 ng/ml, P=0.038). In multivariate logistic regression modeling, low or deficient MBL was associated significantly with B1 (negative association), complicated disease (B2+B3), and ASCA. MBL levels did not correlate with disease duration. CONCLUSIONS: Low or deficient MBL serum levels are significantly associated with complicated (stricturing and penetrating) CD phenotypes but are negatively associated with the non-stricturing, non-penetrating group. Furthermore, CD patients with low or deficient MBL are significantly more often ASCA positive, possibly reflecting delayed clearance of oligomannan-containing microorganisms by the innate immune system in the absence of MBL.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Seibold, Frank Werner

ISSN:

0002-9270

Publisher:

Nature

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:10

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/ajg.2009.315

PubMed ID:

19532127

Web of Science ID:

000270853300018

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/30955 (FactScience: 195330)

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