Laser wavelengths and oral implantology

Romanos, George E; Gutknecht, Norbert; Dieter, Sandra; Schwarz, Frank; Crespi, Roberto; Sculean, Anton (2009). Laser wavelengths and oral implantology. Lasers in medical science, 24(6), pp. 961-70. London: Springer 10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1

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In modern implant dentistry there are several clinical indications for laser surgery. Different laser systems have a considerable spectrum of application in soft and hard peri-implant tissues. The literature was searched for clinical application of different laser wavelengths in peri-implant tissues: second-stage surgery of submerged implants, treatment of infrabony defects, removal of peri-implant hyperplastic overgrowths, and, possibly, the preparation of bone cavities for implant placement. This report describes the state-of-the-art application of different laser systems in modern implant dentistry for the treatment of peri-implant lesions and decontamination of implant surfaces. Our study evaluated in vitro examinations, clinical experience and long-term clinical studies. The exact selection of the appropriate laser system and wavelength was dependent on the scientific evaluation of recent literature and the level of changes in implant and tissue temperatures during laser application. The significant reduction in bacteria on the implant surface and the peri-implant tissues during irradiation and the cutting effects associated with the coagulation properties of the lasers are the main reasons for laser application in the treatment of peri-implant lesions and the successful long-term prognosis of failing oral implants. The various applications of lasers in implant dentistry are dependent on the wavelength and laser-tissue interactions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Sculean, Anton

ISSN:

0268-8921

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:11

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10103-009-0676-1

PubMed ID:

19430724

Web of Science ID:

000270894900016

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31086 (FactScience: 195489)

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