Symptoms with acid and nonacid reflux may be produced by different mechanisms

Agrawal, A; Roberts, J; Sharma, N; Tutuian, R; Vela, M; Castell, D O (2009). Symptoms with acid and nonacid reflux may be produced by different mechanisms. Diseases of the esophagus, 22(5), pp. 467-70. Carlton South (Aus.): Blackwell Asia 10.1111/j.1442-2050.2009.00940.x

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Twenty-four-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH (MII-pH) esophageal monitoring detects both acid and nonacid gastroesophageal reflux episodes. The MII-pH catheter contains six impedance segments placed 3, 5, 7, 9, 15, and 17 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). A pH electrode at 5 cm above the LES identifies the type of reflux, i.e. acid or nonacid. Patients with acid and nonacid reflux exhibit typical and atypical symptoms often within 5 min following a reflux episode. The aim of this study is to compare the timing of symptoms after reflux episodes in patients with acid and nonacid reflux. Methods include a review of 70 MII-pH tracings (42 females, mean age 40, range 18-85 years) either on (50 points) or off (20 points) acid suppression therapy. Typical (heartburn, regurgitation) and atypical (cough) symptoms with acid or nonacid reflux episodes detected by impedance were analyzed. Symptoms were considered positive with acid reflux if there was a pH drop to <4, plus an MII detected a reflux episode and with nonacid reflux if pH remained >4 and MII detected a reflux episode. The timing of the symptom after each reflux episode was recorded. Symptom perception occurred significantly sooner after acid versus nonacid reflux (P < 0.05). Acid reflux episodes are more likely to be perceived in the first 2 min following the reflux episode. Patients with acid reflux are likely to perceive symptoms earlier, and symptoms with acid and nonacid reflux may be produced by different mechanisms.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Tutuian, Radu




Blackwell Asia




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:11

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:21

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URI: (FactScience: 195641)

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