Cerebral air embolism caused by a bronchogenic cyst

Jung, Simon; Wiest, Roland; Frigerio, Susanna; Mattle, Heinrich P; Hess, Christian W (2010). Cerebral air embolism caused by a bronchogenic cyst. Practical neurology, 10(3), pp. 164-6. Oxford: Blackwell Science

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An unusual case is presented of a tourist who developed fatal cerebral air embolism, pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium while ascending from low altitude to Europe's highest railway station. Presumably the air embolism originated from rupture of the unsuspected bronchogenic cyst as a result of pressure changes during the ascent. Cerebral air embolism has been observed during surgery, in scuba diving accidents, submarine escapes and less frequently during exposure to very high altitude. People with known bronchogenic cysts should be informed about the risk of cerebral air embolism and surgical removal should be considered. Cerebral air embolism is a rare cause of coma and stroke in all activities with rapid air pressure changes, including alpine tourism, as our unfortunate tourist illustrates.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Jung, Simon; Wiest, Roland; Mattle, Heinrich and Hess, Christian Walter




Blackwell Science




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:08

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:19

PubMed ID:



https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/313 (FactScience: 197500)

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