Off-pump coronary artery bypass operation does not increase procoagulant and fibrinolytic activity: preliminary results

Englberger, Lars; Immer, Franz F; Eckstein, Friedrich S; Berdat, Pascal A; Haeberli, Andre; Carrel, Thierry P (2004). Off-pump coronary artery bypass operation does not increase procoagulant and fibrinolytic activity: preliminary results. Annals of thoracic surgery, 77(5), pp. 1560-6. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.athorasure.2003.10.061

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BACKGROUND: This study analyzes the effects on coagulation and fibrinolysis comparing off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and on-pump CABG operations. METHODS: In a prospective, nonrandomized, comparative evaluation, patients scheduled for elective myocardial revascularization were studied. Due to possible confounding factors patients with postoperative retransfusion of mediastinal shed blood were excluded. Nine patients underwent OPCAB operation and 16 underwent on-pump CABG. Activated clotting time (ACT) was adjusted to 250 seconds in OPCAB (81 +/- 18 [mean +/- SD] IU/kg heparin) and to more than 480 seconds in on-pump CABG (400 IU/kg heparin, additional 10,000 IU in pump prime). Perioperatively blood samples were collected and hematologic and hemostatic variables including fibrinopeptide A (FPA), fibrin monomer (FM), thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), and D-dimer were analyzed. RESULTS: Both groups showed comparable demographic variables. Number of grafts per patient was slightly higher in the on-pump group (3.6 +/- 0.6 versus 3.0 +/- 1.1, p = 0.23). The FPA levels did not differ significantly between the groups. The FM, TAT, and D-dimer values were significantly higher in on-pump CABG (p < 0.0001, p < 0.01, and p < 0.0001, respectively), reflecting increased coagulant and fibrinolytic activity. This was also the case when values were corrected for hemodilution. CONCLUSIONS: Despite lower systemic anticoagulation activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis is reduced in OPCAB compared with on-pump CABG. Reduced thrombin generation and reduced fibrinolytic activity in OPCAB indicates better preservation of hemostasis. We suggest the term "preserved hemostasis" instead of "hypercoagulant activity" with respect to OPCAB.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Unit Childrens Hospital > Thromboselabor Kinderklinik (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Haeberli, André

ISSN:

0003-4975

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.athorasure.2003.10.061

PubMed ID:

15111143

Web of Science ID:

000221138500009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31671 (FactScience: 196319)

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