Ultrastructural quantification of cell death after injurious compression of bovine calf articular cartilage

Patwari, P; Gaschen, V; James, I E; Berger, E; Blake, S M; Lark, M W; Grodzinsky, A J; Hunziker, E B (2004). Ultrastructural quantification of cell death after injurious compression of bovine calf articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 12(3), pp. 245-52. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.joca.2003.11.004

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OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that chondrocyte death by apoptosis may play a role in the pathogenesis of cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis, but the results of in-vivo and in-vitro investigations have been conflicting. To investigate further the cell death in our in-vitro model for traumatic joint injury, we performed a quantitative analysis by electron microscopy (EM) of cell morphology after injurious compression. For comparison, the TUNEL assay was also performed. DESIGN: Articular cartilage explant disks were harvested from newborn calf femoropatellar groove. The disks were subjected to injurious compression (50% strain at a strain rate of 100%/s), incubated for 3 days, and then fixed for quantitative morphological analysis. RESULTS: By TUNEL, the cell apoptosis rate increased from 7 +/- 2% in unloaded controls to 33 +/- 6% after injury (P=0.01; N=8 animals). By EM, the apoptosis rate increased from 5 +/- 1% in unloaded controls to 62 +/- 10% in injured cartilage (P=0.02, N=5 animals). Analysis by EM also identified that of the dead cells in injured disks, 97% were apoptotic by morphology. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm a significant increase in cell death after injurious compression and suggest that most cell death observed here was by an apoptotic process.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Orthopädische Chirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Orthopädische Chirurgie

UniBE Contributor:

Hunziker, Ernst Bruno

ISSN:

1063-4584

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.joca.2003.11.004

PubMed ID:

14972342

Web of Science ID:

000189282600008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31693 (FactScience: 196352)

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