Three members of the connective tissue growth factor family CCN are differentially regulated by mechanical stress

Schild, Christof; Trueb, Beat (2004). Three members of the connective tissue growth factor family CCN are differentially regulated by mechanical stress. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1691(1), pp. 33-40. Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2003.12.001

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Expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a member of the CCN gene family, is known to be significantly induced by mechanical stress. We have therefore investigated whether other members of the CCN gene family, including Cyr61 and Nov, might reveal a similar stress-dependent regulation. Fibroblasts growing under stressed conditions within a three-dimensional collagen gel showed at least a 15 times higher level of Cyr61 mRNA than cells growing under relaxed conditions. Upon relaxation, the decline of the Cyr61 mRNA to a lower level occurred within 2 h, and was thus quicker than the response of CTGF. The regulation was fully reversible when stress was reapplied. Thus, Cyr61 represents another typical example of a stress-responsive gene. The level of the Nov mRNA was low in the stressed state, but increased in the relaxed state. This CCN gene therefore shows an inverted regulation relative to that of Cyr61 and CTGF. Inhibition of protein kinases by means of staurosporine suppressed the stress-induced expression of Cyr61 and CTGF. Elevated levels of cAMP induced by forskolin mimicked the effects of relaxation on the regulation of Cyr61, CTGF and Nov. Thus, adenylate cyclase as well as one or several protein kinases might be involved in the mechanoregulation of these CCN genes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Center of Regenerative Medicine for Skeletal Tissues (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Center of Regenerative Medicine for Skeletal Tissues (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Trueb, Beat

ISSN:

0006-3002

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bbamcr.2003.12.001

PubMed ID:

15053922

Web of Science ID:

000220680500004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31698 (FactScience: 196357)

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