Tenascin-W is found in malignant mammary tumors, promotes alpha8 integrin-dependent motility and requires p38MAPK activity for BMP-2 and TNF-alpha induced expression in vitro

Scherberich, Arnaud; Tucker, Richard P; Degen, Martin; Brown-Luedi, Marianne; Andres, Anne-Catherine; Chiquet-Ehrismann, Ruth (2005). Tenascin-W is found in malignant mammary tumors, promotes alpha8 integrin-dependent motility and requires p38MAPK activity for BMP-2 and TNF-alpha induced expression in vitro. Oncogene, 24(9), pp. 1525-32. Basingstoke, UK: Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/sj.onc.1208342

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Tenascins represent a family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins with distinctive expression patterns. Here we have analyzed the most recently described member, tenascin-W, in breast cancer. Mammary tumors isolated from transgenic mice expressing hormone-induced oncogenes reveal tenascin-W in the stroma around lesions with a high likelihood of metastasis. The presence of tenascin-W was correlated with the expression of its putative receptor, alpha8 integrin. HC11 cells derived from normal mammary epithelium do not express alpha8 integrin and fail to cross tenascin-W-coated filters. However, 4T1 mammary carcinoma cells do express alpha8 integrin and their migration is stimulated by tenascin-W. The expression of tenascin-W is induced by BMP-2 but not by TGF-beta1, though the latter is a potent inducer of tenascin-C. The expression of tenascin-W is dependent on p38MAPK and JNK signaling pathways. Since preinflammatory cytokines also act through p38MAPK and JNK signaling pathways, the possible role of TNF-alpha in tenascin-W expression was also examined. TNF-alpha induced the expression of both tenascin-W and tenascin-C, and this induction was p38MAPK- and cyclooxygenase-dependent. Our results show that tenascin-W may be a useful diagnostic marker for breast malignancies, and that the induction of tenascin-W in the tumor stroma may contribute to the invasive behavior of tumor cells.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Tiefenau Hospital (discontinued) > Forschungsgruppe Biologie und Karzinogenese der Brustdrüse (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Andres, Anne Catherine

ISSN:

0950-9232

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/sj.onc.1208342

PubMed ID:

15592496

Web of Science ID:

000227218200005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31740 (FactScience: 196407)

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