Influence of age and genetic risk on anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA titers

Vécsei, Andreas; Arenz, Tina; Heilig, Gaby; Arenz, Stephan; Bufler, Philip; Koletzko, Sibylle (2009). Influence of age and genetic risk on anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA titers. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, 48(5), pp. 544-9. Hagerstown, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31818c5ff6

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OBJECTIVES: False-positive results of anti-tissue-transglutaminase (tTG) IgA autoantibodies have been reported in subjects with a genetic risk for celiac disease (CD). The aims of this retrospective study were to assess the prevalence of false-positive tTG titers in patients at risk of CD compared with symptomatic children and to evaluate the influence of age and indication for testing on tTG titers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All tTG results measured in our institution during a 33-month period were evaluated. Patients with known CD were excluded. Indications for testing were either symptoms suggestive of CD (group 1) or history of being at risk for CD (group 2). Duodenal biopsies were recommended if titers were positive (> or =10 U/mL) and offered if borderline (> or =4 to <10 U/mL). RESULTS: The final analysis included 2056 patients, 1707 belonged to group 1, and 349 to group 2. All 65 patients with positive tTG results underwent biopsy (group 1: 57, group 2: 8). Celiac disease was confirmed in 61 subjects (median titer: 107.8 U/mL, range 12.0-1748 mL, NS between group 1 and 2), whereas 4 had normal histology (10.2-25.2 U/mL). Three out of 16 patients with borderline results underwent biopsy and had normal histology. Borderline titers were more common in group 2 patients (2.6% vs 0.4%, P<0.001). Multiple regression analysis in patients with negative tTG results (n=1975) revealed that titers were independently related to age (P<0.05) and indication for testing (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The influence of age and genetic predisposition/risk has to be taken into account when interpreting tTG results.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Arenz, Tina and Arenz, Stephan

ISSN:

0277-2116

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/MPG.0b013e31818c5ff6

PubMed ID:

19367177

Web of Science ID:

000265618200006

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31826 (FactScience: 196550)

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