Pulmonary renal syndrome in childhood: a report of twenty-one cases and a review of the literature

von Vigier, R O; Trummler, S A; Laux-End, R; Sauvain, M J; Truttmann, A C; Bianchetti, M G (2000). Pulmonary renal syndrome in childhood: a report of twenty-one cases and a review of the literature. Pediatric pulmonology, 29(5), pp. 382-8. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/(SICI)1099-0496(200005)29:5<382::AID-PPUL7>3.0.CO;2-D

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In adults, the term specific pulmonary renal syndrome describes disorders with pulmonary and glomerular manifestations and includes Wegener's granulomatosis, Goodpasture disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Nonspecific pulmonary renal syndrome refers to either pulmonary disease complicating glomerular disease, or glomerular diseases following pulmonary disease. Since little is known regarding pulmonary renal syndrome in childhood, we reviewed the charts of 21 pediatric patients with pulmonary renal syndromes treated by the Department of Pediatrics, University of Bern between 1991 and 1998; we also reviewed the pediatric literature that deals with specific pulmonary renal syndromes. Specific pulmonary renal syndrome was noted in 3 children with systemic vasculitis (Wegener granulomatosis, N = 2; microscopic polyangiitis, N = 1) and 2 with systemic lupus erythematosus. Nonspecific pulmonary renal syndrome was observed in 12 patients with pulmonary edema (N = 9), pulmonary thromboembolism (N = 2), and pulmonary infection (N = 1) complicating the course of a glomerular disease, and in 4 children with a pulmonary disease followed by a glomerular disease. Review of the literature disclosed 52 cases of specific pulmonary renal syndrome other than systemic lupus erythematosus: Wegener granulomatosis (N = 28), Goodpasture disease (N = 13), and Henoch-Schönlein purpura (N = 11). In addition, hemolytic uremic syndrome complicated pneumococcal pneumonia in 32 cases. We conclude that pulmonary renal syndromes need to be looked for in childhood. Apart from Wegener granulomatosis, Goodpasture disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus, Henoch-Schönlein purpura and hemolytic-uremic syndrome occasionally have both pulmonary and renal features.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Sauvain, Marie-Josèphe

ISSN:

8755-6863

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/(SICI)1099-0496(200005)29:5<382::AID-PPUL7>3.0.CO;2-D

PubMed ID:

10790250

Web of Science ID:

000086685300007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31869 (FactScience: 196638)

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