Lung mechanics and gas exchange in ventilated preterm infants during treatment of hyaline membrane disease with multiple doses of artificial surfactant (Exosurf)

Pfenninger, J; Aebi, C; Bachmann, D; Wagner, B P (1992). Lung mechanics and gas exchange in ventilated preterm infants during treatment of hyaline membrane disease with multiple doses of artificial surfactant (Exosurf). Pediatric pulmonology, 14(1), pp. 10-5. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/ppul.1950140104

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Eight premature infants ventilated for hyaline membrane disease and enrolled in the OSIRIS surfactant trial were studied. Lung mechanics, gas exchange [PaCO2, arterial/alveolar PO2 ratio (a/A ratio)], and ventilator settings were determined 20 minutes before and 20 minutes after the end of Exosurf instillation, and subsequently at 12-24 hour intervals. Respiratory system compliance (Crs) and resistance (Rrs) were measured by means of the single breath occlusion method. After surfactant instillation there were no significant immediate changes in PaCO2 (36 vs. 37 mmHg), a/A ratio (0.23 vs. 0.20), Crs (0.32 vs. 0.31 mL/cm H2O/kg), and Rrs (0.11 vs. 0.16 cmH2O/mL/s) (pooled data of 18 measurement pairs). During the clinical course, mean a/A ratio improved significantly each time from 0.17 (time 0) to 0.29 (time 12-13 hours), to 0.39 (time 24-36 hours) and to 0.60 (time 48-61 hours), although mean airway pressure was reduced substantially. Mean Crs increased significantly from 0.28 mL/cmH2O/kg (time 0) to 0.38 (time 12-13 hours), to 0.37 (time 24-38 hours), and to 0.52 (time 48-61 hours), whereas mean Rrs increased from 0.10 cm H2O/mL/s (time 0) to 0.11 (time 12-13 hours), to 0.13 (time 24-36 hours) and to (time 48-61 hours) with no overall significance. A highly significant correlation was found between Crs and a/A ratio (r = 0.698, P less than 0.001). We conclude that Exosurf does not induce immediate changes in oxygenation as does the instillation of (modified) natural surfactant preparations. However, after 12 and 24 hours of treatment oxygenation and Crs improve significantly.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Wagner, Bendicht Peter

ISSN:

8755-6863

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ppul.1950140104

PubMed ID:

1437337

Web of Science ID:

A1992JK47800003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31891 (FactScience: 196664)

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