Benign prostatic obstruction and parkinson's disease--should transurethral resection of the prostate be avoided?

Roth, Beat; Studer, Urs E; Fowler, Clare J; Kessler, Thomas M (2009). Benign prostatic obstruction and parkinson's disease--should transurethral resection of the prostate be avoided? Journal of urology, 181(5), pp. 2209-13. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.juro.2009.01.049

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PURPOSE: According to the literature transurethral resection of the prostate in patients with Parkinson's disease has an increased risk of postoperative urinary incontinence. However, this conclusion might have been reached because some patients with multiple system atrophy incorrectly diagnosed as Parkinson's disease were included in these reports. Therefore, we investigated the outcome of transurethral prostate resection in patients with a secure neurological diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 23 patients with Parkinson's disease who underwent transurethral prostate resection for benign prostatic obstruction were evaluated retrospectively. Subsequent neurological developments in patients were followed, ensuring that those with multiple system atrophy had not been included in analysis. RESULTS: At transurethral prostate resection median patient age was 73 years, median duration of Parkinson's disease before the resection was 3 years, and median Hoehn and Yahr scale was 2. Of the 14 patients with a preoperative indwelling urinary catheter transurethral prostate resection restored voiding in 9 (64%) and only 5 (36%) required catheterization postoperatively. Of the 10 patients with preoperative urge urinary incontinence, continence was restored in 5 and improved in 3 following transurethral prostate resection. There were no cases of de novo urinary incontinence after transurethral prostate resection. At a median postoperative followup of 3 years transurethral prostate resection was successful in 16 of the 23 patients (70%). CONCLUSIONS: Transurethral prostate resection for benign prostatic obstruction in patients with Parkinson's disease may be successful in up to 70% and the risk of de novo urinary incontinence seems minimal. Thus, Parkinson's disease should no longer be considered a contraindication for transurethral prostate resection provided that preoperative investigations including urodynamic assessment indicate prostatic bladder outlet obstruction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology

UniBE Contributor:

Roth, Beat; Studer, Urs and Kessler, Thomas M.

ISSN:

0022-5347

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:12

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.juro.2009.01.049

PubMed ID:

19296974

Web of Science ID:

000265074800083

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/31940 (FactScience: 196747)

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