Does perioperative glucocorticosteroid treatment correlate with disturbance in surgical wound healing after treatment of facial fractures? A retrospective study

Thorén, Hanna; Snäll, Johanna; Kormi, Eeva; Numminen, Laura; Fäh, Reto; Iizuka, Tateyuki; Lindqvist, Christian; Törnwall, Jyrki (2009). Does perioperative glucocorticosteroid treatment correlate with disturbance in surgical wound healing after treatment of facial fractures? A retrospective study. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, 67(9), pp. 1884-8. Maryland Heights, Mo.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.joms.2009.04.089

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PURPOSE: To clarify whether perioperative glucocorticosteroid treatment used in association with repair of facial fractures predisposes to disturbance in surgical wound healing (DSWH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of records of patients who had undergone open reduction, with or without ostheosynthesis, or had received reconstruction of orbital wall fractures during the 2-year period from 2003 to 2004. RESULTS: Steroids were administered to 100 patients (35.7%) out of a total of 280. Dexamethasone was most often used, with the most common regimen being dexamethasone 10 mg every 8 hours over 16 hours, with a total dose of 30 mg. The overall DSWH rate was 3.9%. The DSWH rate for patients who had received perioperative steroids was 6.0%, and the corresponding rate for patients who did not receive steroids was 2.8%. The difference was not statistically significant. An intraoral surgical approach remained the only significant predictor to DSWH. CONCLUSIONS: With regard to DSWH, patients undergoing operative treatment of facial fractures can safely be administered doses of 30 mg or less of perioperative glucocorticosteroids equivalent to dexamethasone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Thoren, Hanna Agneta and Iizuka, Tateyuki

ISSN:

0278-2391

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:13

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.joms.2009.04.089

PubMed ID:

19686925

Web of Science ID:

000269700100015

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/32105 (FactScience: 197012)

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