Beta1 integrin deficiency results in multiple abnormalities of the knee joint

Raducanu, Aurelia; Hunziker, Ernst B; Drosse, Inga; Aszódi, Attila (2009). Beta1 integrin deficiency results in multiple abnormalities of the knee joint. Journal of biological chemistry, 284(35), pp. 23780-92. Bethesda, Md.: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 10.1074/jbc.M109.039347

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The lack of beta1 integrins on chondrocytes leads to severe chondrodysplasia associated with high mortality rate around birth. To assess the impact of beta1 integrin-mediated cell-matrix interactions on the function of adult knee joints, we conditionally deleted the beta1 integrin gene in early limb mesenchyme using the Prx1-cre transgene. Mutant mice developed short limbed dwarfism and had joint defects due to beta1 integrin deficiency in articular regions. The articular cartilage (AC) was structurally disorganized, accompanied by accelerated terminal differentiation, altered shape, and disrupted actin cytoskeleton of the chondrocytes. Defects in chondrocyte proliferation, cytokinesis, and survival resulted in hypocellularity. However, no significant differences in cartilage erosion, in the expression of matrix-degrading proteases, or in the exposure of aggrecan and collagen II cleavage neoepitopes were observed between control and mutant AC. We found no evidence for disturbed activation of MAPKs (ERK1/2, p38, and JNK) in vivo. Furthermore, fibronectin fragment-stimulated ERK activation and MMP-13 expression were indistinguishable in control and mutant femoral head explants. The mutant synovium was hyperplastic and frequently underwent chondrogenic differentiation. beta1-null synoviocytes showed increased proliferation and phospho-focal adhesion kinase expression. Taken together, deletion of beta1 integrins in the limb bud results in multiple abnormalities of the knee joints; however, it does not accelerate AC destruction, perturb cartilage metabolism, or influence intracellular MAPK signaling pathways.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Center of Regenerative Medicine for Skeletal Tissues [discontinued]
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Center of Regenerative Medicine for Skeletal Tissues [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Hunziker, Ernst Bruno

ISSN:

0021-9258

Publisher:

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:13

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1074/jbc.M109.039347

PubMed ID:

19586917

Web of Science ID:

000269180000062

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/32271 (FactScience: 197310)

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