The role of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms on exon 9 and exon 12 skipping in nonmutated CFTR alleles

Steiner, Bernhard; Truninger, Kaspar; Sanz, Javier; Schaller, André; Gallati, Sabina (2004). The role of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms on exon 9 and exon 12 skipping in nonmutated CFTR alleles. Human mutation, 24(2), pp. 120-9. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/humu.20064

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Classic cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by two loss-of-function mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, whereas patients with nonclassic CF have at least one copy of a mutant gene that retains partial function of the CFTR protein. In addition, there are several other phenotypes associated with CFTR gene mutations, such as idiopathic chronic pancreatitis. In CFTR-associated disorders and in nonclassic CF, often only one CFTR mutation or no CFTR mutations can be detected. In this study, we screened 23 patients with CFTR-associated disorders for CFTR mutations by complete gene testing and quantitative transcript analysis. Mutations were found in 10 patients. In cells from respiratory epithelium, we detected aberrant splicing of CFTR mRNA in all investigated individuals. We observed a highly significant association between the presence of coding single-nucleotide polymorphisms (coding SNPs, or cSNPs) and increased skipping of exon 9 and 12. This association was found both in patients and in normal individuals carrying the same cSNPs. The cSNPs c.1540A>G, c.2694T>G, and c.4521G>A may have affected pre-mRNA splicing by changing regulatory sequence motifs of exonic splice enhancers, leading to lower amounts of normal transcripts. The analysis of CFTR exons indicated that less frequent and weak exonic splicing enhancer (ESE) motifs make exon 12 vulnerable to skipping. The number of splice variants in individuals with cSNPs was similar to previously reported values for the T5 allele, suggesting that cSNPs may enhance susceptibility to CFTR related diseases. In addition, cSNPs may be responsible for variation in the phenotypic expression of CFTR mutations. Quantitative approaches rather than conventional genomic analysis are required to interpret the role of cSNPs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Schaller, André

ISSN:

1059-7794

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:13

Last Modified:

04 May 2014 23:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/humu.20064

PubMed ID:

15241793

Web of Science ID:

000223037300003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/32315 (FactScience: 197379)

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