Critical appraisal of meta-analyses: an introductory guide for the practicing surgeon

Lawrentschuk, Nathan; McCall, Jonathan; Güller, Ulrich (2009). Critical appraisal of meta-analyses: an introductory guide for the practicing surgeon. Patient safety in surgery, 3(1), p. 16. London: BioMed Central 10.1186/1754-9493-3-16

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ABSTRACT: Meta-analyses are an essential tool of clinical research. Meta-analyses of individual randomized controlled trials frequently constitute the highest possible level of scientific evidence for a given research question and allow surgeons to rapidly gain a comprehensive understanding of an important clinical issue. Moreover, meta-analyses often serve as cornerstones for evidence-based surgery, treatment guidelines, and knowledge transfer. Given the importance of meta-analyses to the medical (and surgical) knowledge base, it is of cardinal importance that surgeons have a basic grasp of the principles that guide a high-quality meta-analysis, and be able to weigh objectively the advantages and potential pitfalls of this clinical research tool. Unfortunately, surgeons are often ill-prepared to successfully conduct, critically appraise, and correctly interpret meta-analyses. The objective of this educational review is to provide surgeons with a brief introductory overview of the knowledge and skills required for understanding and critically appraising surgical meta-analyses as well as assessing their implications for their own surgical practice.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Güller, Ulrich

ISSN:

1754-9493

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:13

Last Modified:

22 Dec 2014 00:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/1754-9493-3-16

PubMed ID:

19624816

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.32353

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/32353 (FactScience: 197459)

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