Low self-esteem prospectively predicts depression in adolescence and young adulthood

Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W.; Roberts, Brent W. (2008). Low self-esteem prospectively predicts depression in adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(3), pp. 695-708. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association 10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.695

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Low self-esteem and depression are strongly correlated in cross-sectional studies, yet little is known about their prospective effects on each other. The vulnerability model hypothesizes that low self-esteem serves as a risk factor for depression, whereas the scar model hypothesizes that low self-esteem is an outcome, not a cause, of depression. To test these models, the authors used 2 large longitudinal data sets, each with 4 repeated assessments between the ages of 15 and 21 years and 18 and 21 years, respectively. Cross-lagged regression analyses indicated that low self-esteem predicted subsequent levels of depression, but depression did not predict subsequent levels of self-esteem. These findings held for both men and women and after controlling for content overlap between the self-esteem and depression scales. Thus, the results supported the vulnerability model, but not the scar model, of self-esteem and depression.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0022-3514

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:16

Last Modified:

09 Jan 2015 14:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.695

Web of Science ID:

000258458900014

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.33948

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/33948 (FactScience: 199682)

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