Activity of the glycosylating enzyme, core 2 GlcNAc (beta1,6) transferase, is higher in polymorphonuclear leukocytes from diabetic patients compared with age-matched control subjects: relevance to capillary occlusion in diabetic retinopathy

Chibber, R; Ben-Mahmud, B M; Coppini, D; Christ, E; Kohner, E M (2000). Activity of the glycosylating enzyme, core 2 GlcNAc (beta1,6) transferase, is higher in polymorphonuclear leukocytes from diabetic patients compared with age-matched control subjects: relevance to capillary occlusion in diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes, 49(10), pp. 1724-30. Alexandria, Va.: American Diabetes Association 10.2337/diabetes.49.10.1724

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The exact mechanism for capillary occlusion in diabetic retinopathy is still unclear, but increased leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion has been implicated. We examined the possibility that posttranslational modification of surface O-glycans by increased activity of core 2 transferase (UDP-Glc:Galbeta1-3GalNAcalphaRbeta-N-acetylglucoaminyltr ansferase) is responsible for increased adhesion of leukocytes to vascular endothelium in diabetes. The mean activity of core 2 transferase in polymorphonuclear leukocytes isolated from type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients was higher compared with age-matched control subjects (1,638 +/- 91 [n = 42] vs. 249 +/- 35 pmol x h(-1) x mg(-1) protein [n = 24], P = 0.00013; 1,459 +/- 194 [n = 58] vs. 334 +/- 86 [n = 11], P = 0.01). As a group, diabetic patients with retinopathy had significantly higher mean activity of core 2 transferase compared with individuals with no retinopathy. There was a significant association between enzyme activity and severity of retinopathy in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. There was a strong correlation between activity of core 2 transferase and extent of leukocyte adhesion to cultured retinal capillary endothelial cells for diabetic patients but not for age-matched control subjects. Results from transfection experiments using human myelocytic cell line (U937) demonstrated a direct relationship between increased activity of core 2 transferase and increased binding to cultured endothelial cells. There was no relationship between activity of core 2 transferase and HbA(1c) (P = 0.8314), serum advanced glycation end product levels (P = 0.4159), age of the patient (P = 0.7896), and duration of diabetes (P = 0.3307). On the basis that branched O-glycans formed by the action of core 2 transferase participate in leukocyte adhesion, the present data suggest the involvement of this enzyme in increased leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and the pathogenesis of capillary occlusion in diabetic retinopathy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition

UniBE Contributor:

Christ, Emanuel

ISSN:

0012-1797

Publisher:

American Diabetes Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:23

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 22:49

Publisher DOI:

10.2337/diabetes.49.10.1724

PubMed ID:

11016457

Web of Science ID:

000089513500014

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/37227 (FactScience: 207239)

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