Effect of animal species and age on plate-induced vascular damage in cortical bone

Lippuner, K; Vogel, R; Tepic, S; Rahn, B A; Cordey, J; Perren, S M (1992). Effect of animal species and age on plate-induced vascular damage in cortical bone. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, 111(2), pp. 78-84. Berlin: Springer 10.1007/BF00443472

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Plates used for fracture fixation produce vascular injury to the underlying cortical bone. During the recovery of the blood supply, temporary osteoporosis is observed as a result of Haversian remodeling of the necrotic bone. This process temporarily reduces the strength of the bone. We tackled the postulate that quantitative differences exist between animal species, and in different bones within the same species, due to variations in the relative importance of the endosteal and periosteal blood supplies. Using implants scaled to the size of the bone, we found comparable cortical vascular damage in the sheep and in the dog, and in the tibia and femur of each animal. We observed a significant reduction in cortical vascular damage using plates that had a smaller contact area with the underlying bone. No significant difference in cortical vascular damage was noted in animals of different ages.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Osteoporosis

UniBE Contributor:

Lippuner, Kurt

ISSN:

0936-8051

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:24

Last Modified:

17 Mar 2015 22:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/BF00443472

PubMed ID:

1562429

Web of Science ID:

A1992HE66900005

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/37847 (FactScience: 212032)

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