The AsaP1 peptidase of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes is a highly conserved deuterolysin metalloprotease (family M35) and a major virulence factor

Arnadottir, H.; Hvanndal, I.; Andresdottir, V.; Burr, S.E.; Frey, J.; Gudmundsdottir, B.K. (2009). The AsaP1 peptidase of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes is a highly conserved deuterolysin metalloprotease (family M35) and a major virulence factor. Journal of bacteriology, 191(1), pp. 403-10. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/JB.00847-08

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Infections by the bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes cause significant disease in a number of fish species. In this study, we showed that AsaP1, a toxic 19-kDa metallopeptidase produced by A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes, belongs to the group of extracellular peptidases (Aeromonas type) (MEROPS ID M35.003) of the deuterolysin family of zinc-dependent aspzincin endopeptidases. The structural gene of AsaP1 was sequenced and found to be highly conserved among gram-negative bacteria. An isogenic Delta asaP1 A. salmonicida subsp. achromogenes strain was constructed, and its ability to infect fish was compared with that of the wild-type (wt) strain. The Delta asaP1 strain was found to infect Arctic charr, Atlantic salmon, and Atlantic cod, but its virulence was decreased relative to that of the wt strain. The 50% lethal dose of the AsaP1 mutant was 10-fold higher in charr and 5-fold higher in salmon than that of the wt strain. The pathology induced by the AsaP1-deficient strain was also different from that of the wt strain. Furthermore, the mutant established significant bacterial colonization in all observed organs without any signs of a host response in the infected tissue. AsaP1 is therefore the first member of the M35 family that has been shown to be a bacterial virulence factor.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Frey, Joachim

ISSN:

0021-9193

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:24

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/JB.00847-08

Web of Science ID:

000261628100040

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38218 (FactScience: 220736)

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