Campylobacter monitoring in German broiler flocks: an explorative time series analysis

Hartnack, S.; Doherr, M.G.; Alter, T.; Toutounian-Mashad, K.; Greiner, M. (2009). Campylobacter monitoring in German broiler flocks: an explorative time series analysis. Zoonoses and public health, 56(3), pp. 117-28. Berlin: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2008.01184.x

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Campylobacter, a major zoonotic pathogen, displays seasonality in poultry and in humans. In order to identify temporal patterns in the prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in a voluntary monitoring programme in broiler flocks in Germany and in the reported human incidence, time series methods were used. The data originated between May 2004 and June 2007. By the use of seasonal decomposition, autocorrelation and cross-correlation functions, it could be shown that an annual seasonality is present. However, the peak month differs between sample submission, prevalence in broilers and human incidence. Strikingly, the peak in human campylobacterioses preceded the peak in broiler prevalence in Lower Saxony rather than occurring after it. Significant cross-correlations between monthly temperature and prevalence in broilers as well as between human incidence, monthly temperature, rainfall and wind-force were identified. The results highlight the necessity to quantify the transmission of Campylobacter from broiler to humans and to include climatic factors in order to gain further insight into the epidemiology of this zoonotic disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research

UniBE Contributor:

Doherr, Marcus

ISSN:

1863-1959

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 09:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1863-2378.2008.01184.x

Web of Science ID:

000263910500003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38242 (FactScience: 220760)

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