[Occurrence of Clostridium perfringens type A and type C in piglets of the Swiss swine population]

Wollschlager, N.; Zimmermann, W.; Brodard, I.; Albini, S.; Doherr, M.; Posthaus, H.; Miserez, R. (2009). [Occurrence of Clostridium perfringens type A and type C in piglets of the Swiss swine population]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 151(8), pp. 377-82. Bern: Huber 10.1024/0036-7281.151.8.377

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Necrotizing enteritis (NE) of newborn piglets still represents an economical problem in Swiss pig breeding and production. The aim of our study was to identify risk factors for NE and evaluate the prevalence of C. perfringens with the toxingenes cpb and cpb2 in Swiss pig breeding farms. The prevalence of theses C. perfringens was investigated using fecal swabs followed by bacteriological culturing and genotyping. Close proximity to other breeding farms and large herd sizes were shown to predispose to NE. C. perfringens type C, carrying the genes cpa, cpb and cpb2 were frequently identified in herds with acute outbreaks of NE. Farms not affected by NE or those using prophylactic vaccination against NE were predominantly positive for C. perfringens type A strains with cpb2 and showed much lower prevalence of C. perfringens type C, compared to acutely affected herds. Our results demonstrate that C. perfringens type A strains with cpb2 are not associated with NE. Besides typical necropsy finding, only the identification of cpb can be used for the diagnosis of NE in affected herds.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Swine Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DVK - Clinical Research (discontinued)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Animal Pathology

UniBE Contributor:

Wollschläger, Nicole; Zimmermann, Werner; Doherr, Marcus and Posthaus, Horst

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

German

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

03 Feb 2015 09:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/0036-7281.151.8.377

Web of Science ID:

000269627500004

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38258 (FactScience: 220777)

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