Mixed inheritance of equine recurrent airway obstruction

Gerber, V.; Baleri, D.; Klukowska-Rotzler, J.; Swinburne, J.E.; Dolf, G. (2009). Mixed inheritance of equine recurrent airway obstruction. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 23(3), pp. 626-30. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2009.0292.x

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BACKGROUND: Mode of inheritance of equine recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: Major genes are responsible for RAO. ANIMALS: Direct offspring of 2 RAO-affected Warmblood stallions (n = 197; n = 163) and a representative sample of Swiss Warmbloods (n = 401). METHODS: One environmental and 4 genetic models (general, mixed inheritance, major gene, and polygene) were tested for Horse Owner Assessed Respiratory Signs Index (1-4, unaffected to severely affected) by segregation analyses of the 2 half-sib sire families, both combined and separately, using prevalences estimated in a representative sample. RESULTS: In all data sets the mixed inheritance model was most likely to explain the pattern of inheritance. In all 3 datasets the mixed inheritance model did not differ significantly from the general model (P= .62, P= 1.00, and P= .27) but was always better than the major gene model (P < .01) and the polygene model (P < .01). The frequency of the deleterious allele differed considerably between the 2 sire families (P= .23 and P= .06). In both sire families the displacement was large (t= 17.52 and t= 12.24) and the heritability extremely large (h(2)= 1). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Segregation analyses clearly reveal the presence of a major gene playing a role in RAO. In 1 family, the mode of inheritance was autosomal dominant, whereas in the other family it was autosomal recessive. Although the expression of RAO is influenced by exposure to hay, these findings suggest a strong, complex genetic background for RAO.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Equine Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Gerber, Vinzenz; Klukowska, Jolanta and Dolf, Gaudenz

ISSN:

0891-6640

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 14:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1939-1676.2009.0292.x

Web of Science ID:

000266112300030

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38303 (FactScience: 220960)

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