Myoglobin as a prognostic indicator for outcome in dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus

Adamik, Katja; Burgener, I.A.; Kovacevic, Alan; Schulze, S.P.; Kohn, B. (2009). Myoglobin as a prognostic indicator for outcome in dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus. Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care, 19(3), pp. 247-53. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2009.00421.x

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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether myoglobin (Mb) is a useful prognostic indicator for outcome and to investigate any relationship between Mb and mortality in dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Seventy-two dogs with GDV. INTERVENTIONS: Blood sampling. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Mb levels were measured at the time of diagnosis (Mbt0), 24 hours (Mbt1), and 48 hours (Mbt2) after signs of GDV were recognized. Fifty-seven dogs survived (group I) and 15 dogs did not survive (group II). Mbt0 differed significantly between groups (P=0.04). Mbt0 in group I ranged from <30 to >700 ng/mL (n=57, median 74 ng/mL), and in group II from 34 to >700 ng/mL (n=15, median 238 ng/mL). Analysis of a receiver operating characteristic curve of Mbt0 suggested that the best single cutpoint would be 168 ng/mL (sensitivity 60.0%, specificity 84.2%). Fifty percent of dogs with Mbt0>168 ng/mL were euthanized, while 88.9% with Mbt0<168 ng/mL survived. Mbt1 and Mbt2 differed significantly between groups I and II. Mbt1 in group I ranged from 32 to >700 ng/mL (n=55, median 123 ng/mL), and Mbt1 in group II ranged from 131 to 643 ng/mL (n=7, median 343 ng/mL) (P=0.006). Mbt2 in group I ranged from 30 to 597 ng/mL (n=54, median 101 ng/mL), and in group II from 141 to >700 ng/mL (n=8, median 203 ng/mL) (P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, Mbt0 is a moderately sensitive and specific prognostic indicator. Almost 90% of the dogs below the cutpoint survived to discharge, whereas 50% with Mbt0 above the cutpoint did not survive.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Small Animal Clinic, Internal Medicine
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Small Animal Clinic > Intensive Care Unit, Small Animal Clinic

UniBE Contributor:

Adamik, Katja; Burgener, Iwan and Kovacevic, Alan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1479-3261

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

06 Oct 2015 08:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1476-4431.2009.00421.x

PubMed ID:

19691509

Web of Science ID:

000266844700003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38320 (FactScience: 221003)

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