Proliferative kidney disease in rainbow trout: time- and temperature-related renal pathology and parasite distribution

Bettge, K.; Wahli, Thomas; Segner, Helmut; Schmidt-Posthaus, Heike (2009). Proliferative kidney disease in rainbow trout: time- and temperature-related renal pathology and parasite distribution. Diseases of aquatic organisms, 83(1), pp. 67-76. Oldendorf (Luhe) (D): Inter-Research 10.3354/dao01989

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Proliferative kidney disease is a parasitic infection of salmonid fishes caused by Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae. The main target organ of the parasite in the fish is the kidney. To investigate the influence of water temperature on the disease in fish, rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss infected with T bryosalmonae were kept at 12 degrees C and 18 degrees C. The number of parasites, the type and degree of lesions in the kidney and the mortality rate was evaluated from infection until full development of disease. While mortality stayed low at 12 degrees C, it reached 77% at 18 degrees C. At 12 degrees C, pathological lesions were dominated by a multifocal proliferative and granulomatous interstitial nephritis. This was accompanied by low numbers of T. bryosalmonae, mainly located in the interstitial lesions. With progression of the disease, small numbers of parasites appeared in the excretory tubuli, and parasite DNA was detected in the urine. Parasite degeneration in the interstitium was observed at late stages of the disease. At 18 degrees C, pathological lesions in kidneys were more severe and more widely distributed, and accompanied by significantly higher parasite numbers. Distribution of parasites in the renal compartments, onset of parasite degeneration and time course of appearance of parasite DNA in urine were not clearly different from the 12 degrees C group. These findings indicate that higher mortality at 18 degrees C compared to 12 degrees C is associated with an enhanced severity of renal pathology and increased parasite numbers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Wahli, Thomas; Segner, Helmut and Schmidt-Posthaus, Heike

ISSN:

0177-5103

Publisher:

Inter-Research

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 15:25

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2014 15:05

Publisher DOI:

10.3354/dao01989

Web of Science ID:

000263638600009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38349 (FactScience: 221203)

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