Do invasive species perform better in their new ranges?

Parker, John D; Torchin, Mark E; Hufbauer, Ruth A; Lemoine, Nathan P; Alba, Christina; Blumenthal, Dana M; Bossdorf, Oliver; Byers, James E; Dunn, Alison M; Heckman, Robert W; Hejda, Martin; Jarošík, Vojtěch; Kanarek, Andrew R.; Martin, Lynn B; Perkins, Sarah E; Pyšek, Petr; Schierenbeck, Kristina; Schlöder, Carmen; van Klinken, Rieks; Vaughn, Kurt J; ... (2013). Do invasive species perform better in their new ranges? Ecology, 94(5), pp. 985-994. Washington, D.C.: Ecological Society of America 10.1890/12-1810.1

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A fundamental assumption in invasion biology is that most invasive species exhibit enhanced performance in their introduced range relative to their home ranges. This idea has given rise to numerous hypotheses explaining “invasion success” by virtue of altered ecological and evolutionary pressures. There are surprisingly few data, however, testing the underlying assumption that the performance of introduced populations, including organism size, reproductive output, and abundance, is enhanced in their introduced compared to their native range. Here, we combined data from published studies to test this hypothesis for 26 plant and 27 animal species that are considered to be invasive. On average, individuals of these 53 species were indeed larger, more fecund, and more abundant in their introduced ranges. The overall mean, however, belied significant variability among species, as roughly half of the investigated species (N = 27) performed similarly when compared to conspecific populations in their native range. Thus, although some invasive species are performing better in their new ranges, the pattern is not universal, and just as many are performing largely the same across ranges.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Bossdorf, Oliver

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0012-9658

Publisher:

Ecological Society of America

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

31 Oct 2013 21:22

Last Modified:

04 Dec 2014 20:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1890/12-1810.1

Uncontrolled Keywords:

animal invasion, biogeography, comparative demography, invasion paradox, invasive species, plant invasion

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.38703

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/38703

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