Synoptic Analysis of the New York March 1888 Blizzard

Fischer, Manuel; Lenggenhager, Sina; Auchmann, Renate; Stickler, Alexander (2013). Synoptic Analysis of the New York March 1888 Blizzard. In: Brönnimann, Stefan; Martius, Olivia (eds.) Weather extremes during the past 140 years. Reihe G Grundlagenforschung: Vol. G89 (pp. 45-52). Bern: Geographica Bernensia 10.4480/GB2013.G89.05

GB2013_G89_05.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Preview

The meteorological circumstances that led to the Blizzard of March 1888 that hit New York are analysed in Version 2 of the “Twentieth Century Reanalysis” (20CR). The potential of this data set for studying historical extreme events has not yet been fully explored. A detailed analysis of 20CR data alongside other data sources (including historical instrumental data and weather maps) for historical extremes such as the March 1888 blizzard may give insights into the limitations of 20CR. We find that 20CR reproduces the circulation pattern as well as the temperature development very well. Regarding the absolute values of variables such as snow fall or minimum and maximum surface pressure, there is anunderestimation of the observed extremes, which may be due to the low spatial resolution of 20CR and the fact that only the ensemble mean is considered. Despite this drawback, the dataset allows us to gain new information due to its complete spatial and temporal coverage.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Manuel; Lenggenhager, Sina; Auchmann, Renate and Stickler, Alexander Nicolas


900 History > 910 Geography & travel
500 Science


Reihe G Grundlagenforschung


Geographica Bernensia




Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

01 Nov 2013 10:56

Last Modified:

26 Feb 2020 15:19

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback