Nicoletella semolina gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of Pasteurellaceae isolated from horses with airway disease

Kuhnert, Peter; Korczak, Bozena; Falsen, Enevold; Straub, Reto; Hoops, Anneliese; Boerlin, Patrick; Frey, Joachim; Mutters, Reinier (2004). Nicoletella semolina gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of Pasteurellaceae isolated from horses with airway disease. Journal of clinical microbiology, 42(12), pp. 5542-5548. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/JCM.42.12.5542-5548.2004

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Gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria that are catalase, oxidase, and urease positive are regularly isolated from the airways of horses with clinical signs of respiratory disease. On the basis of the findings by a polyphasic approach, we propose that these strains be classified as Nicoletella semolina gen. nov, sp. nov., a new member of the family Pasteurellaceae. N. semolina reduces nitrate to nitrite but is otherwise biochemically inert; this includes the lack of an ability to ferment glucose and other sugars. Growth is fastidious, and the isolates have a distinctive colony morphology, with the colonies being dry and waxy and looking like a semolina particle that can be moved around on an agar plate without losing their shape. DNA-DNA hybridization data and multilocus phylogenetic analysis, including 16S rRNA gene (rDNA), rpoB, and infB sequencing, clearly placed N. semolina as a new genus in the family Pasteurellaceae. In all the phylogenetic trees constructed, N. semolina is on a distinct branch displaying approximately 5% 16S rDNA, approximately 16% rpoB, and approximately 20% infB sequence divergence from its nearest relative within the family Pasteurellaceae. High degrees of conservation of the 16S rDNA (99.8%), rpoB (99.6%), and infB (99.7%) sequences exist within the species, indicating that N. semolina isolates not only are phenotypically homogeneous but also are genetically homogeneous. The type strain of N. semolina is CCUG43639(T) (DSM16380(T)).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Equine Clinic

UniBE Contributor:

Kuhnert, Peter; Korczak, Bozena; Straub, Reto and Frey, Joachim

Subjects:

500 Science
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0095-1137

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Kuhnert-Ryser

Date Deposited:

26 Jan 2014 18:27

Last Modified:

12 Jan 2015 09:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/JCM.42.12.5542-5548.2004

PubMed ID:

15583279

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39093

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39093

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