Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric determination of the complex vapor composition of samarium, europium, and ytterbium bromides

Sergeev, D. N.; Butman, M. F.; Motalov, V. B.; Kudin, L. S.; Krämer, Karl (2013). Knudsen effusion mass spectrometric determination of the complex vapor composition of samarium, europium, and ytterbium bromides. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry, 27(15), pp. 1715-1722. Chichester: Wiley 10.1002/rcm.6617

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RATIONALE
The vaporization of Sm, Eu, and Yb tri- and dibromides is accompanied by decomposition and disproportionation reactions. These result in complex vapor compositions whose analysis is an intricate problem for experimentalists. Approaches have been developed to interpret mass spectra and accurately determine the vapor composition of thermally unstable compounds.

METHODS
A sector type magnet instrument was used. A combined ion source allowed the study of both the molecular and ionic vapor compositions in the electron ionization (EI) and the thermionic emission (TE) modes. The methodological approaches were based on a joint analysis of the ionization efficiency functions, the temperature and time dependences of the ion currents, and special mathematical data evaluation.

RESULTS
The vaporization of SmBr3, YbBr3, SmBr2, EuBr2, and YbBr2 was studied in the temperature range of 850–1300 K. An initial stage of incongruent vaporization was observed in the case of the tribromides, SmBr2, and YbBr2. This eventually changed to a congruent vaporization stage. Various neutral (Ln, Br, Br2, LnBr, LnBr2, LnBr3, Ln2Br4, Ln2Br5, and Ln2Br6) and charged (Br–, LnBr3–, LnBr4–) species were detected at different vaporization stages.

CONCLUSIONS
The quantitative vapor composition of Sm, Eu, and Yb tri- and dibromides was determined. It was found that only EuBr2 was stable in the studied temperature range. The developed approaches can be useful in the case of other thermally unstable compounds.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Krämer, Karl

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0951-4198

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karl Krämer

Date Deposited:

16 Dec 2013 16:19

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2020 15:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/rcm.6617

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39113

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39113

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