Speciating Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolates from poultry and humans using six PCR-based assays

Burnett, Tracey A.; Hornitzky, Michael A.; Kuhnert, Peter; Djordjevic, Steven P. (2002). Speciating Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolates from poultry and humans using six PCR-based assays. FEMS microbiology letters, 216(2), pp. 201-209. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing Ltd 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2002.tb11436.x

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Six previously published polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays each targeting different genes were used to speciate 116 isolates previously identified as Campylobacter jejuni using routine microbiological techniques. Of the 116 isolates, 84 were of poultry origin and 32 of human origin. The six PCR assays confirmed the species identities of 31 of 32 (97%) human isolates and 56 of 84 (67%) poultry isolates as C. jejuni. Twenty eight of 84 (33%) poultry isolates were identified as Campylobacter coli and the remaining human isolate was tentatively identified as Campylobacter upsaliensis based on the degree of similarity of 16S rRNA gene sequences. Four of six published PCR assays showed 100% concordance in their ability to speciate 113 of the 116 (97.4%) isolates; two assays failed to generate a PCR product with four to 10 isolates. A C. coli-specific PCR identified all 28 hippuricase gene (hipO)-negative poultry isolates as C. coli although three isolates confirmed to be C. jejuni by the remaining five assays were also positive in this assay. A PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay based on the 16S rRNA gene was developed, which contrary to the results of the six PCR-based assays, identified 28 of 29 hipO-negative isolates as C. jejuni. DNA sequence analysis of 16S rRNA genes from four hipO-negative poultry isolates showed they were almost identical to the C. jejuni type strain 16S rRNA sequences ATCC43431 and ATCC33560 indicating that assays reliant on 16S rRNA sequence may not be suitable for the differentiation of these two species.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Kuhnert, Peter


500 Science
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture




Blackwell Publishing Ltd




Peter Kuhnert-Ryser

Date Deposited:

30 Jan 2014 11:02

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 05:38

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli





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