Mitochondrial translation factors of Trypanosoma brucei: elongation factor-Tu has a unique subdomain that is essential for its function

Cristodero, Marina; Mani, Jan; Oeljeklaus, Silke; Aeberhard, Lukas; Hashimi, Hassan; Ramrath, David J. F.; Lukeš, Julius; Warscheid, Bettina; Schneider, André (2013). Mitochondrial translation factors of Trypanosoma brucei: elongation factor-Tu has a unique subdomain that is essential for its function. Molecular microbiology, 90(4), pp. 744-755. Oxford: Blackwell Science 10.1111/mmi.12397

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Mitochondrial translation in the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei relies on imported eukaryotic-type tRNAs as well as on bacterial-type ribosomes that have the shortest known rRNAs. Here we have identified the mitochondrial translation elongation factors EF-Tu, EF-Ts, EF-G1 and release factor RF1 of trypanosomatids and show that their ablation impairs growth and oxidative phosphorylation. In vivo labelling experiments and a SILAC-based analysis of the global proteomic changes induced by EF-Tu RNAi directly link EF-Tu to mitochondrial translation. Moreover, EF-Tu RNAi reveals downregulation of many nuclear encoded subunits of cytochrome oxidase as well as of components of the bc1-complex, whereas most cytosolic ribosomal proteins were upregulated. Interestingly, T. brucei EF-Tu has a 30-amino-acid-long, highly charged subdomain, which is unique to trypanosomatids. A combination of RNAi and complementation experiments shows that this subdomain is essential for EF-Tu function, but that it can be replaced by a similar sequence found in eukaryotic EF-1a, the cytosolic counterpart of EF-Tu. A recent cryo-electron microscopy study revealed that trypanosomatid mitochondrial ribosomes have a unique intersubunit space that likely harbours the EF-Tu binding site. These findings suggest that the trypanosomatid-specific EF-Tu subdomain serves as an adaption for binding to these unusual mitochondrial ribosomes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Cristodero, Marina; Mani, Jan; Aeberhard, Lukas and Schneider, André

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0950-382X

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Schneider

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2014 09:24

Last Modified:

01 Apr 2015 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/mmi.12397

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39304

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39304

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