[Second victim : Critical incident stress management in clinical medicine]

Schiechtl, B.; Hunger, M. S.; Schwappach, David L; Schmidt, C. E.; Padosch, S. A. (2013). [Second victim : Critical incident stress management in clinical medicine]. Anaesthesist, 62(9), pp. 734-741. Heidelberg: Springer-Medizin-Verlag 10.1007/s00101-013-2215-5

[img]
Preview
Text
Schiechtl Anaesthesist 2013.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (442kB) | Preview

BACKGROUND

Critical incidents in clinical medicine can have far-reaching consequences on patient health. In cases of severe medical errors they can seriously harm the patient or even lead to death. The involvement in such an event can result in a stress reaction, a so-called acute posttraumatic stress disorder in the healthcare provider, the so-called second victim of an adverse event. Psychological distress may not only have a long lasting impact on quality of life of the physician or caregiver involved but it may also affect the ability to provide safe patient care in the aftermath of adverse events.

METHODS

A literature review was performed to obtain information on care giver responses to medical errors and to determine possible supportive strategies to mitigate negative consequences of an adverse event on the second victim. An internet search and a search in Medline/Pubmed for scientific studies were conducted using the key words "second victim, "medical error", "critical incident stress management" (CISM) and "critical incident stress reporting system" (CIRS). Sources from academic medical societies and public institutions which offer crisis management programs where analyzed. The data were sorted by main categories and relevance for hospitals. Analysis was carried out using descriptive measures.

RESULTS

In disaster medicine and aviation navigation services the implementation of a CISM program is an efficient intervention to help staff to recover after a traumatic event and to return to normal functioning and behavior. Several other concepts for a clinical crisis management plan were identified.

CONCLUSIONS

The integration of CISM and CISM-related programs in a clinical setting may provide efficient support in an acute crisis and may help the caregiver to deal effectively with future error events and employee safety.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Schwappach, David

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

0003-2417

Publisher:

Springer-Medizin-Verlag

Language:

German

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

18 Dec 2013 11:09

Last Modified:

28 Apr 2022 12:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00101-013-2215-5

PubMed ID:

23982196

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39305

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39305

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback