Gender differences in methods of suicide attempts and prevalence of previous suicide attempts

Kupferschmid, Stephan; Gysin-Maillart, Anja; Bühler, Salome; Steffen, Timur; Michel, Konrad; Schimmelmann, Benno G.; Reisch, Thomas (2013). Gender differences in methods of suicide attempts and prevalence of previous suicide attempts. Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 41(6), pp. 401-405. Bern: Huber 10.1024/1422-4917/a000256

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Objective: Suicide attempts are important predictors of completed suicide. Adolescents admitted to the emergency room of a large university hospital in Bern after a suicide attempt during the years 2004-2010 were prospectively assessed for methods of suicide attempt. Method: Adolescents (N = 257; 66.5% female; age 14-21 years), presenting after a suicide attempt, were assessed with the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study on Parasuicide assessment tool. Results: Males more often used jumping from a high place (14% vs. 4.6% in females, p < .05) and less often intoxication (36% vs. 71.3%, p < .01). At least one previous suicide attempt was reported in 100 patients (44.4%; more females than males: Cramer-V = 0.21; p = .002). Of these, 35 adolescents did not present to this hospital or not at all for a previous suicide attempt. Conclusions: The present study is the first to examine methods of suicide attempts according to the ICD-10 X codes in this age group. Gender differences were observed. Because a relevant number of patients did not present to the same hospital or not at all for a previous suicide attempt, studies on pathways to care of adolescents after their first suicide attempt are important for early detection and intervention strategies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Management
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > UPD Murtenstrasse
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Research Division

UniBE Contributor:

Kupferschmid, Stephan; Gysin-Maillart, Anja Carolyn; Bühler, Salome; Steffen, Timur; Michel, Konrad; Schimmelmann, Benno Karl Edgar and Reisch, Thomas

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1422-4917

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

German

Submitter:

Myriam Pyrlik

Date Deposited:

17 Feb 2014 01:20

Last Modified:

03 Jan 2019 09:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1024/1422-4917/a000256

PubMed ID:

24240496

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39354

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