Impact of traumatic dental injuries and malocclusions on quality of life of young children

Aldrigui, Janaina M; Abanto, Jenny; Saads Carvalho, Thiago; Mendes, Fausto M; Wanderley, Marcia T; Bönecker, Marcelo; Raggio, Daniela P (2011). Impact of traumatic dental injuries and malocclusions on quality of life of young children. Health and quality of life outcomes, 9(78), p. 78. BioMed Central 10.1186/1477-7525-9-78

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BACKGROUND The presence of traumatic dental injuries and malocclusions can have a negative impact on quality of life of young children and their parents, affecting their oral health and well-being. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries and anterior malocclusion traits on the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of children between 2 and 5 years-old. METHODS Parents of 260 children answered the six domains of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) on their perception of the OHRQoL (outcome). Two calibrated dentists assessed the types of traumatic dental injuries (Kappa = 0.9) and the presence of anterior malocclusion traits (Kappa = 1.0). OHRQoL was measured using the ECOHIS. Poisson regression was used to associate the type of traumatic dental injury and the presence of anterior malocclusion traits to the outcome. RESULTS The presence of anterior malocclusion traits did not show a negative impact on the overall OHRQoL mean or in each domain. Only complicated traumatic dental injuries showed a negative impact on the symptoms (p = 0.005), psychological (p = 0.029), self image/social interaction (p = 0.004) and family function (p = 0.018) domains and on the overall OHRQoL mean score (p = 0.002). The presence of complicated traumatic dental injuries showed an increased negative impact on the children's quality of life (RR = 1.89; 95% CI = 1.36, 2.63; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS Complicated traumatic dental injuries have a negative impact on the OHRQoL of preschool children and their parents, but anterior malocclusion traits do not.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Saads Carvalho, Thiago

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1477-7525

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thiago Saads Carvalho

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2016 10:38

Last Modified:

09 Oct 2016 01:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/1477-7525-9-78

PubMed ID:

21943368

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39489

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39489

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