Impact of oral diseases and disorders on oral health-related quality of life of preschool children

Abanto, Jenny; Saads Carvalho, Thiago; Mendes, Fausto M; Wanderley, Marcia T; Bönecker, Marcelo; Raggio, Daniela P (2011). Impact of oral diseases and disorders on oral health-related quality of life of preschool children. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology, 39(2), pp. 105-114. Wiley 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2010.00580.x

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BACKGROUND The presence of oral diseases and disorders can produce an impact on the quality of life of preschool children and their parents, affecting their oral health and well-being. However, socioeconomic factors could confound this association, but it has not been yet tested at this age. OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of early childhood caries (ECC), traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and malocclusions on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children between 2 and 5 years of age adjusted by socioeconomic factors. METHODS Parents of 260 children answered the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) (six domains) on their perception of the children's OHRQoL and socioeconomic conditions. Two calibrated dentists (κ>0.8) examined the severity of ECC according to dmft index, and children were categorized into: 0=caries free; 1-5=low severity; ≥6=high severity. TDI and malocclusions were examined according to Andreasen & Andreasen (1994) classification and for the presence or absence of three anterior malocclusion traits (AMT), respectively. OHRQoL was measured through ECOHIS domain and total scores, and poisson regression was used to associate the different factors with the outcome. RESULTS In each domain and overall ECOHIS scores, the severity of ECC showed a negative impact on OHRQoL (P<0.001). TDI and AMT did not show a negative impact on OHRQoL nor in each domain (P>0.05). The increase in the child's age, higher household crowding, lower family income and mother working out of home were significantly associated with OHRQoL (P<0.05). The multivariate adjusted model showed that the high severity of ECC (RR=3.81; 95% CI=2.66, 5.46; P<0.001) was associated with greater negative impact on OHRQoL, while high family income was a protective factor for OHRQoL (RR=0.93; 95% CI=0.87, 0.99; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS The severity of ECC and a lower family income had a negative impact on the OHRQoL of preschool children and their parents.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Saads Carvalho, Thiago

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0301-5661

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thiago Saads Carvalho

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2016 11:07

Last Modified:

04 Oct 2016 11:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1600-0528.2010.00580.x

PubMed ID:

21029148

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39491

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39491

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