Long-term stability of contour augmentation with early implant placement following single tooth extraction in the esthetic zone: a prospective, cross-sectional study in 41 patients with a 5- to 9-year follow-up

Buser, Daniel; Chappuis, Vivianne; Bornstein, Michael; Wittneben, Julia; Frei, Marc; Belser, Urs (2013). Long-term stability of contour augmentation with early implant placement following single tooth extraction in the esthetic zone: a prospective, cross-sectional study in 41 patients with a 5- to 9-year follow-up. Journal of periodontology, 84(11), pp. 1517-27. American Academy of Periodontology 10.1902/jop.2013.120635

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BACKGROUND Early implant placement with simultaneous contour augmentation is documented with short- and medium-term studies. The long-term stability of contour augmentation is uncertain. METHODS In this prospective, cross-sectional study, 41 patients with an implant-borne single crown were examined twice, in 2006 and 2010. Clinical, radiologic, and esthetic parameters were assessed at both examinations. In addition, a cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) image was obtained during the second examination to assess the dimensions of the facial bone wall. RESULTS All 41 implants demonstrated ankylotic stability without signs of peri-implant infection at both examinations. The clinical parameters remained stable over time. Satisfactory esthetic outcomes were noted, as assessed by the pink and white esthetic score (PES/WES) indices. Overall, the PES scores were slightly higher than the WES scores. None of the implants developed mucosal recession over time, as confirmed by values of the distance between implant shoulder and mucosal margin and cast measurements. The periapical radiographs yielded stable peri-implant bone levels, with a mean distance between implant shoulder and first visible bone-implant contact value of 2.18 mm. The CBCT analysis demonstrated a mean thickness of the facial bone wall ≈2.2 mm. In two implants (4.9%) no facial bone wall was detectable radiographically. CONCLUSIONS This prospective cross-sectional study demonstrates stable peri-implant hard and soft tissues for all 41 implants examined and satisfactory esthetic outcomes overall. The follow-up of 5 to 9 years confirmed again that the risk for mucosal recession is low with early implant placement. In addition, contour augmentation with guided bone regeneration was able to establish and maintain a facial bone wall in 95% of patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Division of Fixed Prosthodontics (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Buser, Daniel; Chappuis, Vivianne; Bornstein, Michael; Wittneben, Julia; Frei, Marc and Belser, Urs

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0022-3492

Publisher:

American Academy of Periodontology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

24 Jan 2014 14:44

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1902/jop.2013.120635

PubMed ID:

23347346

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.39918

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/39918

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