Social inequality and smoking in young Swiss men: intergenerational transmission of cultural capital and health orientation

Schori, Dominik; Hofmann, Karen; Abel, Thomas (2014). Social inequality and smoking in young Swiss men: intergenerational transmission of cultural capital and health orientation. International journal of public health, 59(2), pp. 261-70. Springer 10.1007/s00038-013-0537-3

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OBJECTIVES Smoking is related to income and education and contributes to social inequality in morbidity and mortality. Socialisation theories focus on one's family of origin as regards acquisition of norms, attitudes and behaviours. Aim of this study is to assess associations of daily smoking with health orientation and academic track in young Swiss men. Further, to assess associations of health orientation and academic track with family healthy lifestyle, parents' cultural capital, and parents' economic capital. METHODS Cross-sectional data were collected during recruitment for compulsory military service in Switzerland during 2010 and 2011. A structural equation model was fitted to a sample of 18- to 25-year-old Swiss men (N = 10,546). RESULTS Smoking in young adults was negatively associated with academic track and health orientation. Smoking was negatively associated with parents' cultural capital through academic track. Smoking was negatively associated with health orientation which in turn was positively associated with a healthy lifestyle in the family of origin. CONCLUSIONS Results suggest two different mechanisms of intergenerational transmissions: first, the family transmission path of health-related dispositions, and secondly, the structural transmission path of educational inequality.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Schori, Dominik; Hofmann, Karen and Abel, Thomas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services








Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

23 Jan 2014 15:09

Last Modified:

02 Oct 2017 08:31

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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