Management of children with autism spectrum disorder in the dental setting: concerns, behavioural approaches and recommendations

Delli, Konstantina; Reichart, Peter A.; Bornstein, Michael M.; Livas, Christos (2013). Management of children with autism spectrum disorder in the dental setting: concerns, behavioural approaches and recommendations. Medicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal, 18(6), e862-e868. Medicina Oral 10.4317/medoral.19084

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OBJECTIVES This article reviews the present literature on the issues encountered while coping with children with autistic spectrum disorder from the dental perspective. The autistic patient profile and external factors affecting the oral health status of this patient population are discussed upon the existing body of evidence. MATERIAL AND METHODS The MEDLINE database was searched using the terms 'Autistic Disorder', 'Behaviour Control/methods', 'Child', 'Dental care for disabled', 'Education', 'Oral Health', and 'Pediatric Dentistry' to locate related articles published up to January 2013. RESULTS Most of the relevant studies indicate poor oral hygiene whereas they are inconclusive regarding the caries incidence in autistic individuals. Undergraduate dental education appears to determine the competence of dental professionals to treat developmentally disabled children and account partly for compromised access to dental care. Dental management of an autistic child requires in-depth understanding of the background of the autism and available behavioural guidance theories. The dental professional should be flexible to modify the treatment approach according to the individual patient needs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

Bornstein, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1698-6946

Publisher:

Medicina Oral

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

28 Jan 2014 08:08

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.4317/medoral.19084

PubMed ID:

23986012

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40111

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40111

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