Unconventional Monetary Policy and the Great Recession: Estimating the Macroeconomic Effects of a Spread Compression at the Zero Lower Bound

Baumeister, Christiane; Benati, Luca (2013). Unconventional Monetary Policy and the Great Recession: Estimating the Macroeconomic Effects of a Spread Compression at the Zero Lower Bound. International Journal of Central Banking, 9(2), pp. 165-212. Federal Reserve Board

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We explore the macroeconomic effects of a compression in the long-term bond yield spread within the context of the Great Recession of 2007–09 via a time-varying parameter structural VAR model. We identify a “pure” spread shock defined as a shock that leaves the policy rate unchanged, which allows us to characterize the macroeconomic consequences of a decline in the yield spread induced by central banks’ asset purchases within an environment in which the policy rate is constrained by the effective zero lower bound. Two key findings stand out. First, compressions in the long-term yield spread exert a powerful effect on both output growth and inflation. Second, conditional on available estimates of the impact of the Federal Reserve’s and the Bank of England’s asset purchase programs on long-term yield spreads, our counterfactual simulations suggest that U.S. and U.K. unconventional monetary policy actions have averted significant risks both of deflation and of output collapses comparable to those that took place during the Great Depression.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Department of Economics

UniBE Contributor:

Benati, Luca

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics

ISSN:

1815-4654

Publisher:

Federal Reserve Board

Language:

English

Submitter:

Konstantin Büchel

Date Deposited:

03 Feb 2014 21:01

Last Modified:

04 May 2015 14:33

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40276

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40276

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