Enamel matrix derivative inhibits adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells via activation of TGF-βRI kinase activity

Gruber, Reinhard; Bosshardt, Dieter; Miron, Richard; Gemperli, Anja C; Buser, Daniel; Sculean, Anton (2013). Enamel matrix derivative inhibits adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells via activation of TGF-βRI kinase activity. PLoS ONE, 8(8), e71046. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0071046

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Enamel matrix derivative (EMD), an extract of fetal porcine enamel, and TGF-β can both suppress adipogenic differentiation. However, there have been no studies that functionally link the role of EMD and TGF-β in vitro. Herein, we examined whether TGF-β signaling contributes to EMD-induced suppression of adipogenic differentiation. Adipogenesis was studied with 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in the presence of SB431542, an inhibitor of TGF-βRI kinase activity. SB431542 reversed the inhibitory effect of EMD on adipogenic differentiation, based on Oil Red O staining and mRNA expression of lipid regulated genes. SB431542 also reduced EMD-stimulated expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), an autocrine inhibitor of adipogenic differentiation. Moreover, short interfering (si)RNAs for CTGF partially reversed the EMD-induced suppression of lipid regulated genes. We conclude that the TGF-βRI - CTGF axis is involved in the anti-adipogenic effects of EMD in vitro.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

Gruber, Reinhard; Bosshardt, Dieter; Miron, Richard; Buser, Daniel and Sculean, Anton

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

05 Mar 2014 13:04

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2017 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0071046

PubMed ID:

23951076

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40394

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40394

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