Sportvereine als Interessenorganisationen?! – Ursachen und Auswirkungen von Ziel-Interessen-Divergenzen in freiwilligen Sportorganisationen

Klenk, Christoffer; Nagel, Siegfried (2012). Sportvereine als Interessenorganisationen?! – Ursachen und Auswirkungen von Ziel-Interessen-Divergenzen in freiwilligen Sportorganisationen. Sport und Gesellschaft, 9(1), pp. 3-37. Lucius & Lucius Verlagsgesellschaft mbH

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For sports clubs to function successfully as mutual interest organizations, it is vital that their goals are in line with their members’ interests. However, the reality is that this process of alignment does not always take place, and that more often than not, club goals and member interests diverge. This paper addresses the causes and effects of such goal-interest divergences in sports clubs. Based on multi-level actor theory models, it analyses the structure and action conditions in sports clubs that lead to divergences in goals and interests at both club and member levels. To identify the underlying causes, corporate club structure and members’ individual objectives are examined. The results show that divergences are caused by increasing levels of differentiation and hierarchy in clubs (e.g., size of club, networks, oligarchization) and by the members’ pursuit of individual interests. The effects of divergences are then analyzed by assessing the responses of individual members and club leaders to apparent divergences. The results show that both club members and club leadership respond in predominantly constructive ways (e.g., through discussion of problems, trust, compromise), so that many clubs are clearly able to deal with, process, and withstand goal-interest divergences, at least to a certain extent.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science III

UniBE Contributor:

Klenk, Christoffer and Nagel, Siegfried

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1610-3181

Publisher:

Lucius & Lucius Verlagsgesellschaft mbH

Language:

German

Submitter:

Rahel Spring

Date Deposited:

08 May 2014 10:27

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 20:31

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40529

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40529

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