Prevalence and risk factors for carriage of multi-drug resistant Staphylococci in healthy cats and dogs

Gandolfi-Decristophoris, Paola; Schüpbach-Regula, Gertraud; Petrini, Orlando; Zinsstag, Jakob; Schelling, Esther (2013). Prevalence and risk factors for carriage of multi-drug resistant Staphylococci in healthy cats and dogs. Journal of veterinary science, 14(4), pp. 449-456. The Korean Society of Veterinary Science 10.4142/jvs.2013.14.4.449

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We investigated the distribution of commensal staphylococcal species and determined the prevalence of multi-drug resistance in healthy cats and dogs. Risk factors associated with the carriage of multi-drug resistant strains were explored. Isolates from 256 dogs and 277 cats were identified at the species level using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry. The diversity of coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CNS) was high, with 22 species in dogs and 24 in cats. Multi-drug resistance was frequent (17%) and not always associated with the presence of the mecA gene. A stay in a veterinary clinic in the last year was associated with an increased risk of colonisation by multi-drug resistant Staphylococci (OR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.1˜5.2, p value LRT = 0.04). When identifying efficient control strategies against antibiotic resistance, the presence of mechanisms other than methicillin resistance and the possible role of CNS in the spread of resistance determinants should be considered.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Schüpbach, Gertraud

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

1976-555X

Publisher:

The Korean Society of Veterinary Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Gertraud Irene Regula

Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2014 17:00

Last Modified:

15 Dec 2014 19:39

Publisher DOI:

10.4142/jvs.2013.14.4.449

PubMed ID:

23820161

Uncontrolled Keywords:

antibiotics coagulase-negative matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight staphylococci

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40674

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40674

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