The loss of trust in the European Union during the great recession since 2007: The role of heuristics from the national political system

Armingeon, Klaus; Ceka, Besir (2014). The loss of trust in the European Union during the great recession since 2007: The role of heuristics from the national political system. European Union politics, 15(1), pp. 82-107. Sage Publications 10.1177/1465116513495595

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How can we explain the decline in support for the European Union (EU) and the idea of European integration after the onset of the great recession in the fall of 2007? Did the economic crisis and the austerity policies that the EU imposed—in tandem with the IMF—on several member countries help cause this drop? While there is some evidence for this direct effect of EU policies, we find that the most significant determinant of trust and support for the EU remains the level of trust in national governments. Based on cue theory and using concepts of diffuse and specific support, we find that support for the EU is derived from evaluations of national politics and policy, which Europeans know far better than the remote political system of the EU. This effect, however, is somewhat muted for those sophisticated Europeans that are more knowledgeable about the EU and are able to form opinions about it independently of the national contexts in which they live. We also find that the recent economic crisis has led to a discernible increase in the number of those who are disillusioned with politics both at the national and the supranational level. We analyze 133 national surveys from 27 EU countries by estimating a series of cross-classified multilevel logistic regression models.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Political Science

UniBE Contributor:

Armingeon, Klaus

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science

ISSN:

1465-1165

Publisher:

Sage Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Romann

Date Deposited:

31 Jan 2014 13:55

Last Modified:

23 Mar 2015 12:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/1465116513495595

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40788

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40788

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