A new optical detection method to assess the erosion inhibition by in vitro salivary pellicle layer

Brevik, S. C.; Lussi, A.; Rakhmatullina, E. (2013). A new optical detection method to assess the erosion inhibition by in vitro salivary pellicle layer. Journal of dentistry, 41(5), pp. 428-435. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.jdent.2013.02.011

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OBJECTIVES Application of the recently developed optical method based on the monitoring of the specular reflection intensity to study the protective potential of the salivary pellicle layer against early enamel erosion. METHODS The erosion progression was compared between two treatment groups: enamel samples coated by the 15 h-in vitro-formed salivary pellicle layer (group P, n=90) and the non-coated enamel surfaces (control group C, n=90). Different severity of the erosive impact was modelled by the enamel incubation in 1% citric acid (pH=3.6) for 2, 4, 8, 10 or 15 min. Erosion quantification was performed by the optical method as well as by the microhardness and calcium release analyses. RESULTS Optical assessment of the erosion progression showed erosion inhibition by the in vitro salivary pellicle in short term acidic treatments (≤ 4 min) which was also confirmed by microhardness measurements proving significantly less (p<0.05) enamel softening in the group P at 2 and 4 min of erosion compared to the group C. SEM images demonstrated less etched enamel interfaces in the group P at short erosion durations as well. CONCLUSIONS Monitoring of the specular reflection intensity can be successfully applied to quantify early erosion progression in comparative studies. In vitro salivary pellicle (2h) provides erosion inhibition but only in short term acidic exposures. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE The proposed optical technique is a promising tool for the fast and non-invasive erosion quantification in clinical studies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Brevik, Stina Cathrine; Lussi, Adrian and Rakhmatullina, Ekaterina


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Elsevier Science




Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

25 Feb 2014 11:31

Last Modified:

24 Apr 2017 15:20

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:






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