The current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Barth, J.; Bermetz, L.; Heim, E.; Trelle, S.; Tonia, T. (2013). The current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of public health, 58(3), pp. 469-483. SP Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 10.1007/s00038-012-0426-1

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OBJECTIVES Systematic reviews on prevalence estimates of child sexual abuse (CSA) worldwide included studies with adult participants referring on a period of abuse of about 50 years. Therefore we aimed to describe the current prevalence of CSA, taking into account geographical region, type of abuse, level of country development and research methods. METHODS We included studies published between 2002 and 2009 that reported CSA in children below 18 years. We performed a random effects meta-analysis and analyzed moderator variables by meta-regression. RESULTS Fifty-five studies from 24 countries were included. According to four predefined types of sexual abuse, prevalence estimates ranged from 8 to 31 % for girls and 3 to 17 % for boys. Nine girls and 3 boys out of 100 are victims of forced intercourse. Heterogeneity between primary studies was high in all analyses. CONCLUSIONS Our results based on most recent data confirm results from previous reviews with adults. Surveys in children offer most recent estimates of CSA. Reducing heterogeneity between studies might be possible by standardized measures to make data more meaningful in international comparisons.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Barth, Jürgen; Bermetz, Lilian; Heim, Eva; Trelle, Sven and Tonia, Thomai

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1661-8556

Publisher:

SP Birkhäuser Verlag Basel

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

19 Feb 2014 15:50

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 13:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00038-012-0426-1

PubMed ID:

23178922

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40856

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40856

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