Diversification in the South American Pampas: the genetic and morphological variation of the widespread Petunia axillaris complex (Solanaceae)

Turchetto, Caroline; Fagundes, Nelson J. R.; Segatto, Ana L. A.; Kuhlemeier, Cris; Solis Neffa, Viviana G.; Speranza, Pablo R.; Bonatto, Sandro L.; Freitas, Loreta B. (2014). Diversification in the South American Pampas: the genetic and morphological variation of the widespread Petunia axillaris complex (Solanaceae). Molecular Ecology, 23(2), pp. 374-389. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/mec.12632

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Understanding the spatiotemporal distribution of genetic variation and the ways in which this distribution is connected to the ecological context of natural populations is fundamental for understanding the nature and mode of intraspecific and, ultimately, interspecific differentiation. The Petunia axillaris complex is endemic to the grasslands of southern South America and includes three subspecies: P.a.axillaris, P.a.parodii and P.a.subandina. These subspecies are traditionally delimited based on both geography and floral morphology, although the latter is highly variable. Here, we determined the patterns of genetic (nuclear and cpDNA), morphological and ecological (bioclimatic) variation of a large number of P.axillaris populations and found that they are mostly coincident with subspecies delimitation. The nuclear data suggest that the subspecies are likely independent evolutionary units, and their morphological differences may be associated with local adaptations to diverse climatic and/or edaphic conditions and population isolation. The demographic dynamics over time estimated by skyline plot analyses showed different patterns for each subspecies in the last 100000years, which is compatible with a divergence time between 35000 and 107000years ago between P.a.axillaris and P.a.parodii, as estimated with the IMa program. Coalescent simulation tests using Approximate Bayesian Computation do not support previous suggestions of extensive gene flow between P.a.axillaris and P.a.parodii in their contact zone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development

UniBE Contributor:

Kuhlemeier, Cris

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0962-1083

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

14 Feb 2014 16:13

Last Modified:

08 Sep 2015 11:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/mec.12632

Uncontrolled Keywords:

CAPS, diversification, floral morphology,grasslands, Petunia axillaris, plastid markers

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40896

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40896

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