The prevalence of widespread central hypersensitivity in chronic pain patients

Schliessbach, J.; Siegenthaler, A.; Streitberger, K.; Eichenberger, U.; Nüesch, E.; Jüni, P.; Arendt-Nielsen, L.; Curatolo, M. (2013). The prevalence of widespread central hypersensitivity in chronic pain patients. European journal of pain, 17(10), pp. 1502-1510. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2013.00332.x

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BACKGROUND Chronic pain is associated with generalized hypersensitivity and impaired endogenous pain modulation (conditioned pain modulation; CPM). Despite extensive research, their prevalence in chronic pain patients is unknown. This study investigated the prevalence and potential determinants of widespread central hypersensitivity and described the distribution of CPM in chronic pain patients. METHODS We examined 464 consecutive chronic pain patients for generalized hypersensitivity and CPM using pressure algometry at the second toe and cold pressor test. Potential determinants of generalized central hypersensitivity were studied using uni- and multivariate regression analyses. Prevalence of generalized central hypersensitivity was calculated for the 5th, 10th and 25th percentile of normative values for pressure algometry obtained by a previous large study on healthy volunteers. CPM was addressed on a descriptive basis, since normative values are not available. RESULTS Depending on the percentile of normative values considered, generalized central hypersensitivity affected 17.5-35.3% of patients. 23.7% of patients showed no increase in pressure pain threshold after cold pressor test. Generalized central hypersensitivity was more frequent and CPM less effective in women than in men. Unclearly classifiable pain syndromes showed higher frequencies of generalized central hypersensitivity than other pain syndromes. CONCLUSIONS Although prevalent in chronic pain, generalized central hypersensitivity is not present in every patient. An individual assessment is therefore required in order to detect altered pain processing. The broad basic knowledge about central hypersensitivity now needs to be translated into concrete clinical consequences, so that patients can be offered an individually tailored mechanism-based treatment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

Schliessbach, Jürg; Siegenthaler, Andreas; Streitberger, Konrad Markus; Eichenberger, Urs; Nüesch, Eveline; Jüni, Peter and Curatolo, Michele

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1090-3801

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

19 Feb 2014 16:33

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2018 12:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/j.1532-2149.2013.00332.x

PubMed ID:

23703952

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.40959

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/40959

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