Annexations in Europe and the Persecution of Jews, 1939-1944

Gerlach, Christian (2012). Annexations in Europe and the Persecution of Jews, 1939-1944. East Central Europe, 39(1), pp. 137-156. Brill 10.1163/187633012X635636

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This contribution tries to explain why Jews were persecuted earlier or more fiercely in territories annexed by a state during World War II than in the mainland of that state. The case-studies covered are Nazi Germany, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the USSR. It is argued that internationally, similar policies of incorporation, especially the replacement of existing elites and the process of bringing in new settlers, worked against the Jews. Aside from focusing on governmental policies, the contribution also sketches the manner in which individual actions by state functionaries (who did not merely implement state policies) and by non-state actors had adverse effects on the Jewish population, impacting their survival chances. Finally, the article places the persecution of Jews in annexed areas in the context of the concerted violence conducted, at the same time, against other ethnically defined, religious, and social groups.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Modern and Contemporary History
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Modern and Contemporary History > Zeitgeschichte

UniBE Contributor:

Gerlach, Christian

Subjects:

900 History

ISSN:

0094-3037

Publisher:

Brill

Language:

English

Submitter:

Users 263 not found.

Date Deposited:

24 Mar 2014 15:23

Last Modified:

25 Sep 2016 19:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1163/187633012X635636

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.41189

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/41189

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